Open Data and the Caribbean Gateway: Contributing to Sustainable Management of Protected Areas
What’s in the future for Marine Protected Areas (MPA) data sharing and access? Here in the Caribbean there are two possible data futures, open or closed. A closed future would mean that data collection, sharing and use are limited. Whereas an open future is one where data collected is shared and open to the public and can be used by various organizations to inform policy or decision making. With an open data future for MPAs, governments, businesses and civil society collect, use and publish data openly, so anyone can access it. But the hope is that the aggregation of multiple datasets will paint a bigger picture in terms of what needs to be done and what decisions will benefit the MPAs.
Now we need to be reminded that we are in the Caribbean where, culturally, most data are often considered top secret. Many government agencies are reluctant to share data internally. So imagine this initiative reaching out to these partners seeking data, “nuff road blocks”!! Being sent around on a wild goose chase to find the data custodian who is never in office or just stepping out when you called. Or those who are on vacation until late August and there is no one else who can help out. So I am here thinking that I am alone in the Universe (as Arthur C. Clarke said). Then voila! you get in touch with a few like-minded persons who understand the need for open data and are willing to help. After the talking and interaction there is a better understanding of why data is not being shared, not that I agree, but I understand.
This is why so many gaps exist here in the Caribbean. Data does exist but it is not being shared. For example, fisheries divisions may have information about the number of fishermen and fish catch within a community, and community development or gender affairs offices hold data on employment, livelihoods and education. The problem is that there is no merging of these data, so no informed decision can be made. An MPA manger may decide to implement policies that will lead to an expansion of a MPA, but as a result of limited availability to data the manager may not fully understand how it will affect the community. Will fish catch decline? Will fishermen change trade and become masons? Will they be able to provide for their families (food, education)? All these are questions that need to be considered before decisions are made. And with the absence of open data or data sharing a lot more uninformed decisions will be made.
The Caribbean Gateway Open Data initiative seeks to demonstrate the value of bringing diverse datasets together to enhance innovation in planning, management and communications and effective decision-making about Protected Areas. The initiative is picking up momentum, datasets are slowly coming in, relationships are being built with various agencies and data custodians. Change is the law of life; data will need to be updated, so fostering good relationships would create a willingness to assist in the future.